Phobjikha is a broad, bowl-shaped valley formed by glaciers. It is located on the western side of the Black Mountains in central Bhutan and sits at an altitude of approximately 10,000 ft (3000m). The valley is an important wildlife preserve as it is the winter home of the endangered black-necked cranes (unfortunately, I visited in early October before their arrival). The center of the valley is marshy and covered with dwarf bamboo.
In the valley, there are many small villages and the local economy is based on agriculture where farmers primarily grow potatoes which are then exported to India. On a ridge above the valley floor sits the Gangte Goemba (monastery) which was founded by descendents of Pema Lingpa.